English Toy Spaniel

Thinking about purchasing an English Toy Spaniel? Then read our breed profile including a brief description, information on height, weight, color, coat, temperament, grooming, activity and history. Purchasing a new puppy is a commitment that may last ten or more years so please educate yourself on the English Toy Spaniel breed, including all stages of their life from puppy hood to older dog.

Ask yourself will I be a good owner? Do I have the time it takes to train a new puppy? Do I have the resources to give my new dog a rewarding life. Do I have a local veterinarian that I can take my new dog to? Do I have a groomer or can I do the grooming myself on a regular basis. Fundamental requirements for a being a good English Toy Spaniel owner; properly feed your new dog, house them comfortably and train them in basic obedience.

Before making a purchase talk to the breeder, ask them many questions about their dogs and the breed in general. A good breeder will teach you about the English Toy Spaniel and they will have many questions for you about your home and life style and if this breed is suited for you and your family.

Questions you may want to ask an English Toy Spaniel Breeder:

It is recommended that you sign a contract with the breeder so that there will be no misunderstandings on the arrangements made. Then bring home your new English Toy Spaniel and enjoy as "there is no greater love then a dog's devotion."

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English Toy Spaniel Profile

In the United States and Canada they are known as the English Toy Spaniel. The name "King Charles" is given to the black and tan variety only, while the "Blenheims" are red and white, "Rubys" are solid red, and "Prince Charles'" are the tricolor type. Known throughout English and Scottish history as hot water bottles and excellent companions, they were once used as tiny gundogs. English Toy Spaniels are the ultimate lap dogs, as they love to sit by their owners' side, or on their owner's lap. They are sweet, shy, easygoing and affectionate to their owners and those they are familiar with. They make a wonderful companion for the elderly, as they are rather easy to care for. English Toy Spaniels are small, compact dogs with a very domed skull and a very short muzzle. Their faces resemble that of the Pug, with bodies resembling the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Their tails are naturally short or screwed, often docked by owners. Their demeanor is like that of a normal spaniel, sweet and friendly. They are forgiving dogs, eager and very intelligent in obedience. They are sure to please, as that is their main goal. They are affectionate, laidback and friendly towards all. They get along with children and other animals, and are happy and content to just sit on your lap. The English Toy Spaniel's eyes and ears are sensitive to injury, but otherwise care for the dog is minimal. They are an ideal apartment dog.

Other Names: King Charles Spaniel

Type: Companion Dog

Height: 9 - 11 inches.
Weight: 8 - 14 lbs.

Colors: Black and tan or "King Charles" - raven black with bright tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail, white marks undesirable. Ruby - solid rich red, white markings undesirable. Blenheim - rich chestnut markings, well broken up on pearly white ground; markings evenly divided on head, leaving room for lozenge spot between ears. Tricolor or "Prince Charles" - black and white, well spaced and broken up with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, on underside of tail.
Coat: Long to medium length, silky, straight or wavy coat. Slight waviness permissible, fur on the ears is usually wavy. They have a feathering that can reach the ground.

Temperament: English Toy Spaniels are obedient, affectionate and eager to please. They are patient, forgiving and affectionate to their owners. They are happy and content to sit around with you. They do not have a high activity level, making care minimal. English Toy Spaniels are friendly to all, intelligent and very good at learning. They get along with pets and children as long as children are not too rough. They are full of fun and any kind of exercise is sufficient.
With Children: Yes, provided there is no rough-housing.
With Pets: Yes, very social and enjoys other animals.
Special Skills: Family pet and companion.

Watch-dog: High.
Guard-dog: Very Low. English Toy Spaniels are friendly to nearly everyone.

English Toy Spaniel Care and Exercise: English Toy Spaniels need regular brushing with a firm bristle brush. Bathe or dry shampoo only when necessary. Check ears, eyes and nails. Keep a watch for ear infections. The English Toy Spaniel will benefit from any amount of exercise, they are very low-key.
Training: Training is easy as they are intelligent and quickly grasp what you are expecting of them. They are eager to please.
Learning Rate: Very High. Obedience: High.

Activity: Low.
Special Needs: Grooming.
Living Environment: Apartment is adequate if some form of exercise is provided. Owners should be patient, calm leaders who want to enjoy a lap dog. English Toy Spaniels adapt to places easily, making an apartment or house the best for this breed.

English Toy Spaniel Health Issues: Patellar luxation, cataracts, inguinal or umbilical hernias, and heart murmurs.

Life Span: 10 -12 years.
Litter Size:
2 - 4 puppies.

Country of Origin: Great Britain
English Toy Spaniel History: Small spaniel type dogs have been in existence for hundreds of years in Britain, enjoying their lives as treasured companion dogs. This particular breed is thought to date back as far as 2000BC in Japan. Not until the 16th century did these dogs make a prominent appearance in England and Scotland. Firstly, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel made a large appearance and became quite popular, and following was the trend for flat-faced whelps. This gave rise to the King Charles Spaniel we know today. The English Toy Spaniel is said to have developed from crossing the Pekingese, Japanese Chin or Pug with other spaniel-type dogs at the time. Back in the 1600s the fad for short-nosed dogs carried the breed into royalty enthusiastically. The English Toy Spaniel has appeared in numerous paintings, artworks and literature from the past. They were so popular among English royalty that a law still exists today stating that King Charles Spaniels are able "to go anywhere." So true was this law that Mary, Queen of Scots, had one hidden in the folds of her skirt when she was sent to be executed. At first, all different sizes of spaniels came from the same litter, making no distinction. Later, breeders separated the sizes into different breeding groups and produced the English Toy Spaniel as the smallest of spaniels. Mostly used as very small gundogs or as lap warmers, these little dogs enjoyed free reign of King Charles the Second's palaces. It was even recorded by Samuel Pepys at that time that King Charles II devoted more time and effort to his English Toy Spaniels than to affairs of the state. He wrote, "All I observed there was the silliness of the King playing with his dog all the while and not minding his business." The breed has been used as a companion for over 500 years, bred down to have a shorter face and smaller body with the same personality as that of a regular sized spaniel. While King Charles II was in office, most English Toy Spaniels were black and tan, leading this type to be named "King Charles Spaniels". "Blenheims" took their name after the family estate of the Dukes of Marlborough, who owned and bred most of the red and white type. Tricolor versions of the breed are called "Prince Charles", while the solid red are called "Ruby". Until the early 20th century, all four distinctions were considered separate breeds. Today in America, all are considered one breed with four different types. They are still used as companions and lap dogs to this day.

First Registered by the AKC: 1886
AKC Group: Toy Group
Class: Toy
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 9), KC (GB), UKC

English Toy Spaniels



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Monday, August 19, 2013