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Description: According to the American Kennel Club website, the breed's name is pronounced "show-low-eats-queen-tlee". The Xoloitzcuintli (Xolo, for short) is a a sensitive breed of above average intelligence and devotion. They are protective, but will meet aggression, rather than instigate it, taking their cues from their master's uneasiness of a situation or person. Xoloitzcuintli are still primitive to some degree and need to be guided by reason and respect, rather than force of will. Though the Xoloitzcuintli is known as a hairless breed, litters often contain pups that are fully coated. Because the coated pups have traditionally been destroyed at birth, there is no standardization in coat color. This perhaps, has led breeders to believe that the coated pups are mixed breed puppies. A short course in genetics will disprove this belief. The coated Xoloitzcuintli has a short, course coat that sheds minimally. The coated Xoloitzcuintli is recognized by the UKC. The breed has a sleek body, almond-shaped eyes, and pointed bat-like ears. They look very similar to the Pharaoh Hound. Xolo come in three different sizes: Standard, Miniature and Toy. The biggest of the varieties are more likely to act as a guard dog than their smaller siblings.
Other Names: Mexican Hairless Dog, Xolo, Xoloitzcuintle, Xoloitzquintle, Tepeitzcuintli
Type: Sighthound and Pariah
22.5 inches. Miniature: 13 - 18 inches. Toy: Under 13 inches.
Xoloitzcuintli may be black, charcoal, lighter gray, bronze, liver or red.
Solid colors are preferred, but some do have spots without pigment, which
need sun block. Coated dogs can be any color, or combination of colors.
Xoloitzcuintli are a calm, quiet
dog, cheerful, attentive and alert. Suspicious towards strangers, Mexican
Hairless are a good watchdog, an excellent pet. The Xolo (Xoloitzcuintli)
is exceptionally intuitive and affectionate with their family.
They are noisy only when they need to be, faithful, and very intelligent.
When they are happy they are active, calm and get along with others if socialized.
They are loving and intuitive.
Watch-dog: High. Xoloitzcuintli
are very alert and can be very noisy when necessary.
Care and Exercise:
Hairless Xoloitzcuintli tolerate sun quite well, though spots lack
pigment and need sun block. Though the hairless Xolo (Xoloitzcuintli)
does need greater protection from the elements, they are hardy
and can tolerate even extreme cold for brief periods of time. Mexican Hairless
dogs do not require much exercise. To play and romp will keep them content,
but they will also enjoy a walk on the leash.
- Low. Xolos (Xoloitzcuintli)
do very well in apartments with daily walks as well in the country
with room to run.
Health Issues: Xoloitzcuintli have no know genetic problems at this point. Some do have drug sensitivities, and caution must be used when using any chemical for the first time. Other health concerns include acne, missing teeth, food allergies and skin infections.
Life Span: 12 -
15 years. Xolos live quite a long time.
Country of Origin:
First Registered by the AKC:
FSS (Foundation Stock Service - not yet eligible for the AKC)
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