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Description: The Maltese is a member of the Bichon family and is one of the oldest European breeds. They are directly related to the Bichon and Bolognese. All came from the same initial breed, simply developing on different islands created their different traits, as well as their difference names. The Maltese came from Malta, the Bolognese came from Bologna, and the Bichon Tenerife came from Tenerife. Maltese have a beautiful mantel of long, silky, white hair. This is their crowning glory. They may sometimes have a hint of lemon or tan on their ears, although this is undesirable in the show ring. They are short, petite sized dogs and have short triangular drop ears. Maltese are gentle-mannered and affectionate, yet playful and full of animation. Despite their size, they posses the vigor needed for an excellent companion. They are a healthy and happy breed, and can live for at least 15 years! The Maltese is intelligent and easy to train, but is very strong-willed. They enjoy being groomed, petted and fondled.
Type: Companion Dog
- 10 inches.
white. slight lemon or tan markings on ears are permissible,
Maltese are friendly and alert. They are very lively as puppies, running
around the house in sudden bursts of happiness. They are agile, entertaining
and happy dogs. Maltese are generally good with older children, and are
fairly adaptable. They are comforters, fastidious and loyal. They are wary
of strangers, but friendly. They are trusting and fearless as well. They
can be prone to anxiety if left alone for long periods of time, but are
otherwise playful and fun.
Watch-dog: Very High.
The Maltese is a very alert dog and will bark at anything unusual.
Care and Training:
Extensive coat care is needed for the Maltese. Shampoo once a week and daily
brushing is essential to keep the coat from matting. Special attention is
needed to keep the eyes clean as staining is possible. Indoor activity will
suffice for exercise, but Maltese will enjoy a walk or a run in the park.
They should be trained from puppyhood not to bark unwarranted or bite, as
teething causes most puppies to want to bite everything. But all training
should be done with a positive, firm attitude.
Activity: Indoors -
Very High. Outdoors - Medium. Puppies sometimes like to zoom around the
house in "figure eights" in a sudden burst of joy.
Health Issues: Maltese are generally healthy. They are, however, subject to genetic eye disorders. Other health issues include collapsing tracheas, liver shunts, hypoglycemia, skin allergies, and white shaker dog syndrome (disease that causes the dog to have full body tremors, most common in West Highland White Terriers, Maltese, Bolognese and Poodles).
Life Span: 14 - 15 years.
Country of Origin:
First Registered by the AKC:
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