Type: Companion Dog
Height: 6 - 9 inches.
Weight: 3 - 7 lbs. They should not exceed 7 lbs.
Life Span: 12 -15 years. These dogs, like most smaller dogs, can live a long life.
Litter Size: 2 - 3 puppies.
Country of Origin: Great Britain
Activity: Very High. This little breed has a lot of energy to use, and fortunately a small amount of room is needed for this.
Watch-dog: Very High
Description: The Yorkshire Terrier is a long-haired toy terrier whose blue and tan coat is parted on the face and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail and hangs evenly and quite straight down each side of the body. They are a small and well-balanced breed, having square proportions. They have naturally erect ears, a black nose, and a flat and small skull. The puppies of Yorkshire Terriers are born black and tan, but soon gain more adult colors as they get older. Newborn Yorkshire Terriers are born black in color with tan on the eyebrow, jaws, chest and feet. They are fully mature in two years. The Yorkie (Yorkshire Terrier) is one of the world's smallest dogs and should not exceed 7 lbs in weight. Yorkshire Terriers may be tiny but they are a big-dog in a little-dog package. The Yorkie is an intelligent and confident pet. They are spirited and spunky, affectionate and lively. Although small, they are still terriers! They can be scrappy, courageous and assertive. They get along with everyone, but they may get nippy if not trained or socialized correctly. Yorkshire Terriers are compact in size, sweet in nature and cheerful in character.
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Other Names: Yorkie
Colors: Dark steel blue from back of head to root of their tail. Face, chest and feet are bright tan.
Coat: Glossy, fine and silky.
Temperament: Yorkshire Terriers are intelligent, confident, and affectionate. Lively and spirited, the Yorkshire Terrier is no wimp. They do sound the alarm if the need be, and though small can be hardy. They are brave and self-assured, and posses the typical terrier attitude. They are devoted, assertive, and courageous. They can be demanding and/or nippy if they are not correctly socialized or trained, and should be kept from children if this is the case.
With Children: Yes, does best with an only child and no roughhousing or hectic activity.
With Pets: Yes, they should be even tempered and co-exist peacefully with other breeds.
Special Skills: Rat catcher and family pet.
Care and Training: Frequent daily brushing will keep the coat of the Yorkie in beautiful condition. They need consistent grooming. Yorkshire Terriers do best when some type of exercise is given, though it need not be special. A romp through an apartment or house will suffice. Extra care must be taken for the Yorkshire Terrier in cold or bad weather.
Learning Rate: High. Yorkies are easily trained but be careful not to spoil them, they can become demanding and nippy. Obedience - medium to low. Problem Solving - High.
Special Needs: Dental care, grooming, socialization, supervision with children and large animals, and training.
Living Environment: Yorkshire Terriers are quite adaptable. They can live anywhere from the city to the country. An apartment, house, urban or rural living is great for this breed. The best owner for this breed would be a firm but loving individual or family.
Health Issues: Eye irritations, hypoglycemia, Legg-Perthes disease, liver shunt, patellar luxation, premature dental disease and some puppies are born with open fontanels (parts of the skull).
History: Yorkshire Terriers first originated in the same district as the Airedale terrier in England. They first appeared from "Huddersfeld Ben", the "first" Yorkie, around the year 1850. The Yorkie is thought to be made of the Old English Black and Tan Terrier, Maltese, Clydesdale Terrier, Manchester Terrier, Paisley Terrier and Skye Terrier. But, there are different lines that may have come from different dogs in the first place. Today they retain all of the same traits, however. The breed was perpetuated by income of poor farmers and workers, and thus to compete in the market, they would not share their "ingredients" of their particular Yorkies. The Yorkie (Yorkshire Terrier) became a fashionable pet in the late Victorian era in Yorkshire, England. They were originally called the Broken-haired Scotch Terriers. Yorkshire Terriers are a half progenitor of the Silky Terrier. The Australian Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier were mixed to create the Sydney Silky, or Silky Terrier. Only 20 years from their start did they come to America, and 66 years later became recognized by the American Kennel Club. Yorkshire Terriers made their presence known in the U.S. today and have become one of the most popular toy breeds ever.
First Registered by the AKC: 1936
AKC Group: Toy Group
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 3), KC (GB), UKC