Norwegian Buhund

Type: Northern Breed

Height: Females: 16 - 17.5 inches; Males: 17 - 18 inches.

Weight: Females: 26.5 - 35 lbs; Males: 31 - 40 lbs.

Life Span: 12 - 15 years.

Litter Size: 4 - 8 puppies.

Country of Origin: Norway

Activity: Very High. They are very active, playful and happy dogs.

Watch-dog: High. They are an excellent alert watch-dog.

Guard-dog: Medium. Although friendly, they will defend their owner if needed.

Description: The Norwegian Buhund is a herding dog from the spitz family. They are a lightly-built, compact dog. They are the farm dogs of Norway. "Bu" in Norwegian means homestead or the mountain hut lived in by shepherds at the summer pastures, and "hund" means dog. In Norway they are still used as a general-purpose farm dogs but in other parts of the world they are now trained as hearing dogs, police protection and a tracking dog, child's companion and obedience dog. Norwegian Buhunds have the desire for human companionship and make an ideal family pet as they are also very affectionate. Norwegian Buhunds are a friendly breed, able to get along well with children and other dogs. They are very playful, but also very alert and watchful of their surroundings. Protective when needed, the Norwegian Buhund will bark at all possible threats to alert their owners. Loveable and fun, the Norwegian Buhund is a one-of-a-kind Spitz in need of human companionship.

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Other Names: Norsk Buhund, Norwegian Sheepdog

Colors: Wheaten, black, red, and wolf-sable. Self-colored, but small symmetrical markings are permissible.

Coat: Outer coat is close and harsh, but smooth; undercoat is soft and woolly.

Temperament: Norwegian Buhunds are friendly, fun-loving, loyal, affectionate and very intelligent. They are good with children and get along with other dogs. They are protective and fearless when they need to be, and love to be playful otherwise. They can be independent, but with training will become more obedient. They are thought to be the most trainable of all the Spitz breeds. They like to bark, and are very alert and watchful. Some have been referred to as a security dog that is on duty all the time.

With Children: Yes, very good with children.

With Pets: Yes, gets along well with other dogs.

Care and Training: Norwegian Buhunds are easy to groom. A regular brushing will keep them neat and remove dead hair. They have a fair amount of energy and welcome the chance to work. Highly trainable, they are a creature of habit and are known to hold a routine and be one step ahead. They will need a firm consistent master to over come their strong will. Obedience training is a must for these intelligent dogs.

Learning Rate: High. Obedience - Medium. Problem Solving - Medium. Like most herding breeds, they are easily trained, agile and alert.

Special Needs: Exercise, job or activity to do, and training.

Living Environment: Their size makes them readily adaptable to city or country living provided they get regular outdoor exercise. They prefer cooler temperatures, but have adapted well to the arid desert areas of Australia for sheepherding, and have become quite popular there, proving they are quite a versatile breed. The best owner for this breed would be an active family living in the suburbs or the country.

Health Issues: Cataracts, epilepsy and hip dysplasia. This is a rather healthy breed.

History: One of the earliest known Nordic herding types, the Norwegian Buhund is thought to be the most trainable of all the Spitz breeds. Norwegian Buhunds were taken along by the Vikings on their travels and colonizing journeys over 1,000 years ago where the ancestors of the Iceland Dog influenced the collie breeds. The Icelandic Sagas of 900 A.D. to 1300 A.D. record how the breeds were brought to Iceland through the Norwegian peoples in 874 A.D. They are thought to be a mix of these types: the Iceland Dog and other local herding dogs. They were primarily used as a sheepdog, but also for hauling, reindeer herding, and as an all-purpose farm dog. Much of these breeds worked around the home, thus leading to the development of their name, the Buhund. Bu means "homestead" while hund means "dog" in Norwegian. Imported to Britain in the 1940s, the first American imports were made in the late 1980s. At the Crufts Dog Show of `95 a Buhund won Group Two for the first time. They were most recently accepted into the AKC in 2007 in the Miscellaneous group.

First Registered by the AKC: 2007

AKC Group: Miscellaneous

Class: Herding

Registries: FCI, UKC, NBCA, TKC, AKC (1/2004)