Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Type: Gun Dog
Height: Female: 21 - 24 inches; Males: 23 - 26 inches.
Weight: Females: 55 - 70 lbs.; Males: 65 - 80 lbs.
Life Span: 10 - 13 years.
Litter Size: 7 - 8 puppies.
Country of Origin: USA
Activity: Indoors - Low. Outdoors - Very High. Chesapeakes are determined to do their job.
Watch-dog: Very High. Chesapeakes notice small and large changes alike and will alert you.
Description: Previously known as the Chesapeake Bay Ducking Dog, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is very good at doing his job. They are a good sized, hearty breed who is devoted to their family and make a great waterfowl hunter and a trusty guard dog. Considered a duck dog, they have an extraordinary ability to remember where each bird falls and then retrieves them all efficiently. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers' yellow-amber eyes are a unique characteristic to them. They also have webbed feet and can swim very well, even in choppy waters. They are hardier than other retrievers, as well as more hard-headed. They have been described as "about as sensitive as a Sherman tank". Chessies are hard working and dedicated to what they do. They are devoted to family and are good with children, but wary of strangers. They can also swim for hours in icy water and are die-hard retrievers for birds, sticks, balls or anything you can throw. The Chesapeake is serious, reserved, and courageous. They are intelligent and easily trainable, a loyal and honorable companion. Exercise or a job to do is a must with this breed, as they are hard workers. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers do best in a rural environment with a daily job.
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Other Names: Chessie, Chesapeake Bay Ducking Dog
Colors: Dead grass (straw to bracken), sedge (red-gold), or any shade of brown. Dead grass color is preferred for hunting. White spots may appear on chest, toes, and belly. The smaller the spots the better.
Coat: Chessies have a double coat. Thick and reasonable with a harsh, oily, outer coat and a dense, fine, wooly undercoat. Fur is moderately short and coarse. They have no beard or brow. The tail has slight feathering.
Temperament: Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are responsive, industrious, serious and aware. They are hard and diligent workers, willing to swim for a long time to retrieve their game. They are loyal and gentle with children. They can be wary of strangers, and tend to have a sharper personality than the other retrievers. They are training savvy, very responsive. Chessies are intelligent, affectionate with family and happiest in the country. They may react if provoked, and give off a slight odor this isn't unpleasant.
With Children: Yes, gets along extremely well with children. Although, they may react if provoked.
With Pets: Yes, Chessies dominate other pets, but accept them. As with introducing any animals, supervision is best.
Special Skills: Duck retriever, field sports dog and family pet.
Care and Training: Brush with a firm bristle brush. Bathe only when necessary as the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers coat has a natural waterproofing oil to it. They will need a great deal of vigorous activity including swimming to maintain peak physical condition. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are strong dogs who are territorial and are not recommended for the inexperienced new dog owner. They will need firm training and good management. A consistent, but kind approach is the most successful. Good news, though, the Chesapeake is highly trainable.
Learning Rate: Medium. Obedience - Medium. Problem Solving - Medium.
Living Environment: Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are generally considered a country dog rather than a city dog, but will adapt to urban living if giving plenty of exercise and space. An owner of a Chesapeake Bay Retriever should be a strong, consistent leader who wants a good watchdog that will be affectionate and athletic. The best owner for this type of dog would be an experienced, active owner living a rural area.
Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy). Other health concerns include dwarfism, entropion, and epilepsy.
History: Their name comes from the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland, USA. An American breed, the Chessie was created from English stock. The legend of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is that in 1807 a ship wrecked off the coast of Maryland, and along with the survivors (one being a British army captain) came two Newfoundland pups that survived. The pups were a male and a female, named "Sailor" and "Canton", Canton being the name of the ship. The survivors were welcomed into the home of Mr. George Law and cared for, and in return the army captain gave the Newfies to his family. the puppies were of different colors. Sailor was dingy red with yellow eyes, while Canton was black. The two shipwrecked Newfoundland dogs were then bred with the local dogs around town, possibly including Otterhounds, Indian dogs, pointers, setters and Irish Water Spaniels to produce a tireless hunter and guard dog. The Curl-Coated and Flat-Coated Retrievers are said to have played a role in the development of the Chessie as well. They were trained as duck retrievers, and were well known for being one of the best at what they do. Records from the 1800s reveal that the dogs averaged taking down thousands of ducks every Fall. The breed was made more tough and versatile due to cold salty waters that the Chessie retrieved from. They were also well known for being able to spot and remember where all the ducks fell, and being able to retrieve them. The breed became a favorite among duck hunters in the area. The entire development and recognition of the breed took almost 100 years. By the 1900s the breed was recognized and popular among serious duck hunters. Although not as well suited to an environment without a job, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is slowly finding its way into the homes of families across the United States.
First Registered by the AKC: 1878q
AKC Group: Sporting Group
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 8), KC (GB), UKC