Type: Herding Dog
Height: Males: 25 - 28 inches; Females: 24 - 27 inches.
Weight: 65 - 85 lbs.
Life Span: 11- 14 years
Country of Origin: France
Activity: High. Beaucerons needs a lot of exercise, best with a job to complete.
Guard-dog: Yes, protective of their people and property.
Description: A French herding breed known for centuries in western Europe, their ancestry may be part of the Doberman. Beaucerons are used as a herder and guard dog, and relative to the Briard. They are distinguished by their long tail and double dewclaws on their hind legs. They resemble Dobermans in that they are mostly black with the same tan markings. They are large, muscular dogs that have ears that are usually cropped. The Beauceron is one of the most popular dogs in France, as well as the Briard. They have been exhibited since 1897. Beaucerons are good tempered, easy to train, but are wary of strangers. The Berger de Beauce is said to respect only its master, and is not recommended for the weak-willed. Beaucerons are considered the world's most versatile working dog.
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Other Names: Berger de Beauce, Beauce Shepherd, French Shorthaired Shepherd, Red Stocking, Bas Rouge
Colors: Black and tan, or a black and tan merle (black, grey and tan). Known for their "red stockings", red on the legs, under tail, and on face.
Coat: Course, flat, short and thick, with a dense undercoat and slight fringe on thighs and under tail. Hair is medium length.
Temperament: Beaucerons are loyal, protective, patient, will defend vigorously. They are courageous but calm. It is said that if you need to discipline your child, remove the Beauceron from the room first, as it will protect the child at all costs.
With Children: Yes, should be brought up around children.
With Pets: Yes, but may be territorial. Not friendly towards unfamiliar dogs.
Special Skills: Strong herding skills, good guard dog, versatile.
Care and Training: Beaucerons need minimum grooming. Weekly bushing of his short coat will suffice. Extra attention is needed during shedding. Needs regular daily exercise which should include long walks and free run off the leash. Enjoys stimulating activity such as an agility class. Early training and socialization is needed. Both physical and mental exercises are needed, as well as long walks.
Learning Rate: High.
Special Needs: Attention, exercise, job or activity, socialization, training.
Living Environment: Best suited for a ranch, country estate or suburban home with a fenced yard. Not good house dogs, not suitable for an apartment.
Health Issues: Hip and elbow dysplasia, gastric torsion (twisted stomach), and bloat. Bloat is a health issue common to most dogs, being the second largest killer of dogs other than cancer, but Beaucerons can be particularly susceptible to it because of their deep chests.
History: Beaucerons originated in the fields surrounding Paris, called La Beauce. Bred in the 1500's to track bears, wild boars and stag, the Beauceron was later used as a shepherd dog in guarding flocks. Beaucerons are relatives to their ancestral breed, the Briards, or Berger de Brie. In the late sixteenth century, Beaucerons and Briards were not distinguished from each other. In 1863 Beaucerons were grouped in Paris with the Briard as one breed with two different coat types. Later the breed separated and formed the Beauceron Club in 1911. Only in the nineteenth century were the breeds recognized as different dogs and were then called by their current names. During the Great Wars, Beaucerons were commonly used to carry messages in the military. There are also paintings depicting these military dogs doing their jobs. Nowadays, Beaucerons are used in K-9 units to fight crime as well dogs for the blind.
First Registered by the AKC: 2001
AKC Group: Miscellaneous
Registries: FCI (Group 1), UKC, AKC