Height: There are two varieties; below 13 inches, and 13 - 16 inches.
Weight: 18 - 30 lbs.
Life Span: 12 - 15 years
Litter Size: 5 - 7
Country of Origin: Great Britain
Activity: High; active and inquisitive. Needs a fence as they may wander in search of a scent.
Watch-dog: High, will bark to alert.
Guard-dog: Low, very friendly toward strangers.
Description: The Beagle has soft brown or hazel eyes that give way to their warm personality but do not reveal their admirable courage and stamina. A truly trustworthy friend can be found in Beagles and they makes a great family pet as they are eager to romp and play. Beagles are a good watchdog as they can be trained to hunt. Known as the "singing Beagle," they have a sweet hunting voice, but if left alone may howl. Training will alleviate this problem, and they usually do not howl when inside the house with family. They will adapt well to a home or kennel environment, but new owners should be aware of natural hunting instincts and they should not be left alone for long periods of time. Beagles come in a variety of colors, but usually with white feet and chest, as well as the tip of their tail, with tan and black markings on their backs. They are small and lean, and slightly longer than they are tall. Beagles have ears that naturally droop down. The Beagle also has excellent scenting abilities, as they are of the Hound group, and will follow a scent if given the opportunity. Known for their short stature and sweet disposition, Beagles make excellent companion and hunting dogs.
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Other Names: English Beagle
Colors: White, black, tan, red, lemon and blue mottle. They can be any combination of Hound colors other than liver. Chest is always white. Tricolor Beagles are almost always born black and white, with brown and other spots appearing later on in life. Some Beagles change colors most of their lives.
Coat: Short, dense, smooth and weatherproof.
Temperament: Beagles are gentle, lovable, curious, and good working dogs. Beagles are very playful, very affectionate.
With Children: Yes, good playmates for children.
With Pets: Very friendly with other dogs in his pack and with other pets, but might chase small animals.
Special Skills: Good scenting abilities, used for searching out food in luggage and sometimes used for drug-sniffing.
Care and Training: Grooming consists of massaging the skin with your fingers or brushing with a firm bristle brush. Bathe only when necessary with a mild or dry shampoo. Keep a check on their ears for signs of infection and trim the nail regularly. Exercise is needed on a leash as the Beagle has a tendency to roam. A large back yard will take care of most of the Beagles exercise requirements. They will respond well to basic obedience training, but are not extremely easy to train.
Learning Rate: High; Obedience - Low. Problem Solving - High.
Special Needs: Fenced yard, leashed, socialization and training.
Living Environment: An inside dog who requires lots of outside activity, house should have a fenced yard. Will take advantage of an open gate.
Health Issues: Congenital heart disease, spinal problems, epilepsy, invertebral disk disease, hip dysplasia and skin conditions. They also have a tendency to become obese. Possible health issues include Cleft palate, luxating patellas, hypothyroidism, and reproductive disorders.
History: The Beagle has existed in Britain at least since the reign of Edward III. It is said that Edward III used a pack of 120 of them on the battlefield during the One Hundred Years' War. The name Beagle may come from the Old English or Welsh word for "small" being "beag", or the French word for "open throat" or more idiomatically, "loudmouth", "begueule." During the Renaissance they were used to hunt hares and wild rabbits in Wales and France, and have also been used to hunt wild pig and even deer in Scandinavia, as well as cottontail rabbit in the United States. In both Canada and the U.S. the Beagle was used as a gundog to both seek out and retrieve. Beagles were known as the best hare dog among small hounds. They are small-medium sized dogs today, but during the reign of King Henry VIII, were said to be so small they could fit in your pocket. Beagles in their day were allegedly about 8 or 9 inches tall. This coined the name "Pocket Beagles", in which King Henry VIII's daughter Elizabeth I owned many. These "Pocket Beagles" are allegedly extinct, although some claim they crop up in litters once in a while. Beagles are the most chosen dog for animal testing due to their passive and adaptive personalities. During 1954 they were the most popular dog in the United States, and continued to remain on the Top 10 most popular dog breed list for many years. Today, Beagles serve as drug-sniffing dogs, as well as sniffer dogs that search out food in luggage being transferred to the U.S. These Beagles are called the Beagle Brigade. Beagles have been used in numerous films such as Copper from The Fox and the Hound by Disney, comic strips such as Peanuts by Charles M. Shulz, and books such as Shiloh by Phyllis Reynolds.
First Registered by the AKC: 1885
AKC Group: Hound
Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 6), KC (GB)