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Common Household Toxic Substances

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Common Household Toxic Substances

You may have some or all of these products in your home and not even be aware they could cause problems for your family pet. Symptoms could be just a skin or eye irritation or a possible fatal reaction if taken internally. Usually if the product label has a warning on it, then it is probably in some way also toxic to your dog.

The following list will name the household product and basic household foods, include possible symptoms if exposed and basic first aid. Always contact your veterinarian if you suspect your dog has come in contact with one of these products or foods.

Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weak pulse, shock
Induce vomiting, give baking soda in water orally.

Vomiting blood, abdominal pain, skin blisters and burns
Wash skin with water and vinegar, give diluted water and vinegar
orally or 3 egg whites.

Vomiting, coma, kidney failure, death
Induce vomiting, administer 1 oz of vodka orally followed by water
(can be repeated).

Burns of skin and mouth, vomiting
Induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites

Charcoal Lighter
Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures
Induce vomiting, give laxatives

Induce vomiting

Induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites or milk orally, watch breathing.

Furniture Polish
Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures
Induce vomiting, give laxatives.

Skin irritation, weakness, dementia, dilated pupils, vomiting, twitching.
Induce vomiting, give vegetable oil orally to block absorption, get into fresh air.

Vomiting, stomach ulceration, kidney failure
Induce vomiting, give laxatives, many need IV fluids

Kerosene/Fuel Oil
Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures
Induce vomiting, give laxatives, give vegetable oil orally to block absorption.

Vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, neurologic symptoms, blindness, seizures, coma.
Induce vomiting, give laxatives, remove source of lead.

Skin irritant, burns
Wash skin with copious soap and water.

Vomiting blood, abdominal pain, skin blisters and burns
Wash skin with water and vinegar, give diluted water and vinegar orally or 3 egg whites

Organophosphate Insecticides
Excess drooling, weakness, seizures, vomiting, dilated pupils
Wash off insecticide, administer atropine sulfate as the antidote

Paint Thinner
Vomiting, breathing distress, shock, coma or seizures.
Induce vomiting, Give laxatives.

Phenol Cleaners
Nausea, vomiting, shock, liver or kidney failure
Wash off skin, induce vomiting, give 3 egg whites or milk orally.

Rat Poison
Excess bleeding, anemia, cyanosis
Induce vomiting, requires vitamin K injections

Rubbing Alcohol
Weakness, in coordination, blindness, coma, dilated pupils, vomiting and diarrhea
Induce vomiting, give baking soda in water to neutralize acidosis.

Dilated pupils, respiratory distress, rigid muscles, seizures and spasms with loud noises or stimulus, brown urine.
Induce vomiting, keep dog in a dark quiet room until taking him to the veterinarian.

Vomiting, diarrhea, bloody urine, neurological disorientation, coma, breathing distress.
Induce vomiting, give vegetable oil by mouth to block absorption, give laxatives.

Depression, fast heart rate, brown urine, anemia.
Induce vomiting, give 500 mg vitamin C per 25 pounds, followed by baking soda in water.

Common Household Toxic Foods

Chocolate, Caffeine, Coffee or Tea (all varieties)
Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, heart arrhythmia, muscle twitching,
seizures, coma from high levels of caffeine and theobromine.
Induce vomiting, give laxatives.
Lethal does of 1/3 oz per pound. for
dark chocolate, and 1 oz per pound for milk chocolate.

Onions, Garlic and Chives (all varieties)
Contains thiosulphate, which can irritate the gastrointestinal system.
A few days of feeding or fed in a large quantity can damage red blood cells.

Macadamia Nuts (both types and butter)
Contain an unknown toxin that can cause locomotory difficulties; Panting, tremors, weakness or swollen limbs.

Grapes or Raisins
Causes Kidney problems

A substance called Persin can cause vomiting, diarrhea and sometimes heart congestion.


HOW TO INDUCE VOMITING: Give several teaspoons (for small and medium size dogs) or several tablespoons (for large and giant size dogs) of hydrogen peroxide orally. Repeat as needed to stimulate vomiting. Another remedy 1 teaspoon (for small and medium dogs) or 1 table spoon
(for large and giant dogs) of Ipecac syrup. Allow the dog to drink 1 cup of water as this will hasten the vomiting. Repeat as needed.

HOW TO GIVE A LAXATIVE: Laxatives are used to quickly expel the plant material from the intestines. Mineral oil is safe and effective. Give 1 teaspoon for small dogs under 25 lbs., 1 tablespoon to medium size dogs, 25 - 50 lbs., And 2 tablespoons to large or giant dogs, 50 - 100

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