Thinking about purchasing an Saint Bernard? Then read our breed profile including a brief description, information on height, weight, color, coat, temperament, grooming, activity and history. Purchasing a new puppy is a commitment that may last ten or more years so please educate yourself on the Saint Bernard breed, including all stages of their life from puppy hood to older dog.
Ask yourself will I be a good owner? Do I have the time it takes to train a new puppy? Do I have the resources to give my new dog a rewarding life. Do I have a local veterinarian that I can take my new dog to? Do I have a groomer or can I do the grooming myself on a regular basis. Fundamental requirements for a being a good Saint Bernard owner;
Before making a purchase talk to the breeder, ask them many questions about their dogs and the breed in general. A good breeder will teach you about the Saint Bernard and they will have many questions for you about your home and life style and if this breed is suited for you and your family.
Questions you may want to ask an Saint Bernard Breeder:
It is recommended that you sign a contract with the breeder so that there will be no misunderstandings on the arrangements made. Then bring home your new Saint Bernard and enjoy as "there is no greater love then a dog's devotion."
Saint Bernard Profile
The St. Bernard is powerful, strong, and muscular with a somewhat sad looking expression. They are a faithful, gentle, kindly breed who love children. It requires no training for their work since generations of service seemed to have stamped the rescuing instinct upon their character. Because of their size it does not make a breed for an apartment dweller as they need plenty of space and large food rations. Their size is a eye-catching, weighing up to 220 lbs! The Guiness Book of Records recorded a Saint Bernard to have weighed in at 305 pounds. Although they are heavy and large, they are not the tallest dogs in the world. They are manageable, but should be trained as a puppy not to pull their leash. Training and socialization is a must with this breed, as they are large and powerful dogs. A well-trained Saint Bernard is a mellow, affectionate, lazy dog who will protect your home. Until the bones are fully formed in puppies of Saint Bernards it is best to keep their activity to a minimum. These dogs are rather tranquil and benevolent. When they are protective, however, they can be rather threatening-looking and if provoked can be an intense adversary. Regularly, though, the Saint Bernard is a big, friendly, peaceful ball of fluff.
Other Names: St. Bernhardshund, Alpine Mastiff
Type: Guardian Dog
Height: 24 - 30
inches. Females are typically a few inches shorter than males.
mahogany-brindle, red-brindle or white with patches on the body in any of these
colors or with black. They often have a white blaze on the face, and white on
the muzzle, collar, chest, forelegs, feet and end of the tail. They often have
black shading on the face and ears.
Bernards are tranquil and benevolent. They are friendly to almost everyone,
getting along well with children and other pets. They are, however, unstable
if left alone for a long time, as they can get separation anxiety. They should
be with someone most of the time, and given an outlet if left alone. They can
become destructive otherwise. Saint Bernards are intelligent, trainable, playful.
They can be rather affectionate, loving to give slobbery kisses to their owners.
They are fun loving but are poor guards. They are great watchdogs, however,
and they will alert their owners to anything unusual.
Watch-dog: Very High. They
are quite alert dogs.
Saint Bernard Care and Exercise:
Comb or brush the Saint Bernard frequently, bathe only
when necessary with a mild soap. Considerable shedding happens twice a year.
Pay special attention to keeping the eyes clean. Remember, the Saint Bernard
drools excessively. Daily short, regular walks are better than long sessions.
Activity: Indoors - Low.
Outdoors - Medium.
Saint Bernard Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, albinism, bone problems, heart defects, and a short life span. Epilepsy, skin allergies, laryngeal paralysis, temperament problems and osteosarcoma, a bone cancer which has been shown to be hereditary in this breed, are also health concerns. Finally, bloat is a threat to this breed due to their deep chests. Bloat is a health concern to most dogs, being the second largest killer of dogs. It is also known as gastric torsion or twisted stomach.
Life Span: 8 years is average.
Unfortunately, this breed is not very long lived.
Country of Origin:
First Registered by the AKC:
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Monday, May 19, 2014