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American Eskimo

Thinking about purchasing an American Eskimo? Then read our breed profile including a brief description, information on height, weight, color, coat, temperament, grooming, activity and history. Purchasing a new puppy is a commitment that may last ten or more years so please educate yourself on the American Eskimo breed, including all stages of their life from puppy hood to older dog.

Ask yourself will I be a good owner? Do I have the time it takes to train a new puppy? Do I have the resources to give my new dog a rewarding life. Do I have a local veterinarian that I can take my new dog to? Do I have a groomer or can I do the grooming myself on a regular basis.

Fundamental requirements for a being a good American Eskimo owner;

Before making a purchase talk to the breeder, ask them many questions about their dogs and the breed in general. A good breeder will teach you about the American Eskimo and they will have many questions for you about your home and life style and if this breed is suited for you and your family.

Questions you may want to ask an American Eskimo Breeder:

It is recommended that you sign a contract with the breeder so that there will be no misunderstandings on the arrangements made. Then bring home your new American Eskimo and enjoy as "there is no greater love then a dog's devotion."

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American Eskimo Breed Profile

The American Eskimo is in the Spitz family (Nordic Breed), descending from European breeds like the German Spitz, the White Keeshond, the White Pomeranian, and the Volpino Italiano. They are bred as companions. Their face, coat and lush tail are Spitz-type and they have a pointed muzzle and erect ears. Nicknamed the "Eskie" they have been bred to be a house dog, companion and watch dog. American Eskimos are wonderful with their human family including children, as long as they are near their family they will be content. They enjoy cold weather better than warm. Known to clean their faces like cats they are easier to maintain than you may think, as their coat easily repels dirt and they have no doggie odor when clean. They have been used as a watchdog, as well as a circus performer. American Eskies come in three sizes: toy miniature, and standard.

Other Names: Eskie, American Spitz

Type: Northern Breeds

Height: Toy: 9 - 12 inches.
Miniature: 12 - 15 inches
Standard: 15 - 19 inches.
Weight: Toy: 6 - 10 lbs.
Miniature: 10 - 20 lbs.
Standard: 18 - 35 lbs.

Colors: All white or biscuit cream.
Coat: Stand off straight, double coat with a dense undercoat and a longer coat of guard hairs. It has a pronounced ruff around the neck and longer hair on the rump and hind legs.

Temperament: American Eskimos are affectionate, fun-loving, bright, obedient, alert, energetic, and intelligent but can also be independent and tenacious. They are loyal, outgoing, and eager to please with its friends and family but wary with strangers. The American Eskimo can be very clever and sometimes mischievous. They make excellent watchdogs, and are even quite good at guarding. They get along well with children and other animals. They are lively dogs that love the cold weather. They are the most biddable of the spitz breeds. They are also very clean, as they clean themselves like cats. Eskies are hardy and sturdy, and often long-lived.
With Children: Yes, good if properly socialized to children.
With Pets: Yes, especially with other American Eskimos

Watch-dog: High. The Eskie will bark to alert owner to strangers.
Guard-dog: High.

American Eskimo Care and Training: American Eskimos need to be brushed twice weekly and even more when shedding, they will also need to be bathed once a month. You will need to pay special attention to their teeth and nails. Larger American Eskimos will need a good jog or long walk daily. Miniature and Toy Eskies need only a short walk or lively romp.
Special Needs: Attention, grooming, socialization, and training
Learning Rate: High. Obedience - High. They have a high trainability with positive reinforcement. Problem Solving - High. They can be rather mischievous.

Activity: High. This is an active, bouncy breed.
Living Environment: This breed is highly social. They are adaptable to apartment life but need regular exercise and attention. American Eskimos need long daily walks or free reign in a fenced backyard. They enjoy active exercise and roughhousing. They are relatively easy to train.

American Eskimo Health Issues: Hip dysplasia, PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), elbow and knee degeneration and seizures.

Life Span: 12 - 15 years.
Litter Size:
5 puppies is average.

Country of Origin: USA
American Eskimo History: The American Eskimo can be traced to the Peat Dog, a breed that lived among the New Stone Age lake dwellers. They are one of the oldest breeds. Belonging to the "Spitz" group, they are descendants of the White German Spitz dogs. They are thought to be made of Keeshond, Pomeranian, and Volpino Italiano. It is speculated they arrived in the United States in the 1600s. Early on they were known as the American Spitz, but changed their name in 1917 to the American Eskimo Dog, or "Eskie". The reason for changing from the name American Spitz was to disassociate the name with anything German, the word "spitz" being from Germany. Thus the name was changed in order to attribute their old home with the Eskimos with the new home, America. These dogs often performed in circuses, and customers would bring home puppy Eskies at the end of the shows. The American Eskimo started out much larger, as in the Standard version. Now, it is divided into three categories: Toy, Miniature and Standard. In 1985 the American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed.

First Registered by the AKC: 1995
AKC Group: Non-Sporting
Registries: AKC, UKC

American Eskimos









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Monday, August 19, 2013